Royal Canin

Introduction – Background

This brand is committed to creating high-quality nutrition for dogs at every stage of life and for every size and even some breed-specific and health need formulas. They are constantly working with scientists, veterinarians, and behavioral experts to make and improve their products.

Ingredients for Royal Canin Size Health Medium Adult

Brewers rice, chicken by-product meal, oat groats, wheat, corn gluten meal, chicken fat, natural flavors, dried plain beet pulp, fish oil, calcium carbonate, vegetable oil, potassium chloride, salt, monocalcium phosphate, choline chloride, hydrolyzed yeast, vitamins [DL-alpha tocopherol acetate (source of vitamin E), L-ascorbyl-2-polyphosphate (source of vitamin C), biotin, D-calcium pantothenate, vitamin A acetate, niacin supplement, pyridoxine hydrochloride (vitamin B6), thiamine mononitrate (vitamin B1), vitamin B12 supplement, riboflavin supplement, vitamin D3 supplement, folic acid], L-lysine, trace minerals [zinc proteinate, zinc oxide, ferrous sulfate, manganese proteinate, manganous oxide, copper sulfate, calcium iodate, sodium selenite, copper proteinate], magnesium oxide, rosemary extract, preserved with mixed tocopherols and citric acid.

Oh my! This ingredient list… I hope you can see the first problem with it on your own. Meat is not the first ingredient! Indeed the main “meat” listed is chicken by-product meal, not even real meat! But let’s move on to specific ingredients.

Again, the very first ingredient brewer’s rice. This is a by-product of the cereal grain industry. It offers little nutritional value to a dog. And it’s the first ingredient, meaning there is more of this filler, by-product than anything else in the food!

Wheat… really? Sorry if your dog has a gluten issue. Wheat is filler, nothing more, offering very little nutritional value to your dog. 

Corn gluten meal, this ingredient is about 60%protien. Being in the top 6 ingredients you can bet that it is adding a significant amount of protein to the overall protein content of the food. This is not good. Corn protein is not nearly as bioavailable to dogs as animal protein. Corn protein also has considerably less amino acids when compared to animal proteins. Dogs are carnivores they need animal proteins to thrive.

Beet pulp is another cheap by-product filler that adds little nutritional value to your beloved pet.

Then we have vegetable oil. This is way too vague of an ingredient. Vegetable oils vary quite a lot as far as nutritional value. How can they really know what is in the food if then just add any old vegetable oil to it?

One more important thing to take note of is the addition of vitamin B12. Vitamin B12 is abundant in animal proteins, however, it is almost impossible to find it in plant proteins. If this were a high-quality food there would be enough animal protein in it to no need the addition of vitamin B12. 

Guaranteed Analysis for Royal Canin Size Health Medium Adult

Crude Protein 23% (min)

Crude Fat 12% (min)

Crude Fiber 3.2% (max)

Moisture 10% (max)

EPA 0.13% (min)

DHA 0.05% (min)

Omega-3s 0.39% (min)

This is a very high-carb food. Remember dogs are carnivores and there are no carbs in meat, so why make dog food so high in carbs? The calories in this food come mostly from carbs (48%), some from fat (29%), and a mear 23% comes from protein. As discussed above this is likely very poor quality protein in addition to such a small amount.

The analysis also shows that it contains omega-3 fatty acids as well as EPA and DHA (types of omega-3 fatty acids). Omega-3 fatty acids are considered to be essential fatty acids, so your dog does need them. These fatty acids are very delicate and ealisy destroyed with heat. The making of kibble is a very high-heat process likely rendering the omega-3s listed hear completely useless. 

Flavors available

As far as flavors are concerned you have the choice of chicken. Unless you buy the Food Elimination Trial series from your vet. They have several flavors. What if you discover your dog is allergic to chicken? Guess you have to change brands or forevermore pay for expensive food from your vet.



Royal Canin offers wet and dry food varieties.

You can also choose the age of your dog from 1week all the way to 12+years.

They also offer breed-specific foods including foods for beagles, dalmatians, dachshunds, Shih Tzus, rottweilers, pugs, poodles, French bulldogs, chihuahuas, cavalier King Charles spaniels, west highland white terriers, English setters, boxers, Jack Russell terriers, labrador retrievers, golden retrievers, german shepherds, English bulldogs, great Danes, miniature schnauzers, Maltese, Yorkshire terriers, and bichon frises.

Choose foods for small, medium, large, and very large size dogs.

Royal Canin also offers foods for appetite stimulation, digestive health, digestive sensitivity, gestation or lactation, growth, high energy needs, joint sensitivity, mainly living indoors, oral hygiene, skin and coat, sport working, stress support, and weight management. 

Royal Canin offers a veterinary line with foods for appetite stimulation, diabetes support, digestive health, food elimination trial, healthy weight, heart health, high energy needs, joint sensitivity, kidney health, liver health, oral hygiene, skin and coat, stress support, urinary health, and weight management. 


Approximate Cost 

Small dog under 11lbs $46/month

Medium dog 55lbs $73/month

Large dog over 75lbs $145/month



While Royal Canin might, seemingly, have lots of options most foods are variations of the same by-product ridden, chicken, grain-filled formula. Even the veterinary food sensitivity trial foods are full of by-products, grains, and some even contain soy! At least they don’t add artificial colors and flavors or corn syrup. But still, Royal Canin is not a high-quality dog food manufacturer and it really doesn’t have all the variety and “tailored” food it claims.